MEDIA RESOURCES

STEPHEN WOLFRAM TIMELINE

1950's and 1960's
  • 1959: Born August 29 in London, England
  • 1967-1972: Dragon School, Oxford
  • 1968-1976: Won various prizes for English, science, math, etc

1970's
  • 1972: Won scholarship to Eton College
  • 1972-1976: King's Scholar, Eton College
  • 1972-1973: Wrote unpublished book on particle physics
  • 1973: Started programming Elliott 903C computer
  • 1973: Did first scientific computer experiments
  • 1974: Wrote first scientific paper
  • 1975: Published first scientific paper
  • 1975: Won scholarship to Oxford University
  • 1976: Worked in Theory Division, Rutherford Laboratory
  • 1976: Published second scientific paper
  • 1976: Started using ARPANET and algebraic computation systems
  • 1976-1978: Oxford University (St. John's College)
  • 1977: Placed top in university examinations
  • 1977: Worked in Theoretical High-Energy Physics Group, Argonne National Laboratory
  • 1977: Wrote classic paper on heavy quark production in QCD
  • 1978: Discovered early connections between cosmology and particle physics
  • 1978: Moved to Caltech
  • 1978: Invented Fox-Wolfram variables for analysis of event shapes in particle physics
  • 1979: Discovered Politzer-Wolfram upper bound on masses of quarks in the Standard Model
  • 1979: Published tenth scientific paper
  • 1979: Ph.D. in theoretical physics from Caltech
  • 1979: Began development of SMP

1980's
  • 1979-1982: Developed standard QCD approach to simulation of particle events
  • 1980: Described basic phenomenon of inflationary cosmology
  • 1980-1981: Carried out first complete calculation of matter-antimatter asymmetry generation
  • 1981: Began work on cellular automata
  • 1980-1982: Faculty member at Caltech
  • 1981: First version of SMP released
  • 1981: Won MacArthur Prize Fellowship
  • 1981: Founded Computer Mathematics Corporation (later merged into Inference Corporation)
  • 1981: Published twenty-fifth scientific paper
  • 1982: Wrote landmark paper "Statistical Mechanics of Cellular Automata"
  • 1982: Discovered fractal structure of binomial coefficients mod a prime
  • 1981-1986: Consultant on science and technology to many organizations
  • 1982: Coined the term "complex systems research"
  • 1983-1986: Long-term member of Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
  • 1983: Discovered Wolfram Classification of cellular automata
  • 1983: Developed algebraic formalism for additive cellular automata
  • 1984: Invented regular language complexity
  • 1984: Discovered computational irreducibility
  • 1985: Published fiftieth scientific paper
  • 1985: Published "Undecidability and Intractability in Theoretical Physics"
  • 1985: Published "Origins of Randomness in Physical Systems"
  • 1985: Invented a cellular automaton-based system for cryptography
  • 1985: Invented a cellular automaton approach to fluid dynamics
  • 1986: Worked on the development of languages for massively parallel computers
  • 1986: Founded the Center for Complex Systems Research
  • 1986: Joined the University of Illinois as Professor of Physics, Mathematics and Computer Science
  • 1986: Began development of Mathematica
  • 1987: Founded the journal Complex Systems
  • 1987: Founded Wolfram Research, Inc.
  • 1988: Ended active position at University of Illinois
  • 1988: First edition of The Mathematica Book published
  • 1988: Mathematica Version 1.0 released (June 23)
  • 1989: Mathematica available on more than 10 computer platforms
  • 1989: 1000 technical papers cite Wolfram's 1983 cellular automaton paper

1990's
  • 1990: 100,000 users of Mathematica
  • 1990: Wolfram Research reached $10M in annual revenue
  • 1990: Completed second edition of The Mathematica Book
  • 1990: Wolfram Research Europe founded
  • 1990: Wolfram Research reached 100 employees
  • 1991: Second edition of The Mathematica Book published
  • 1991: Mathematica Version 2.0 released
  • 1991: 38 city international lecture tour
  • 1991: Began work on A New Kind of Science (NKS)
  • 1991-2: Wrote NKS Chapter 2: "The Crucial Experiment"
  • 1992: Wrote NKS Chapter 3: "The World of Simple Programs"
  • 1992-3: Wrote NKS Chapter 4: "Systems Based on Numbers"
  • 1992-3: Wrote NKS Chapter 6: "Starting from Randomness"
  • 1993: Wrote NKS Chapter 5: "Two Dimensions and Beyond"
  • 1993: Wolfram Research reached 200 employees
  • 1994: Wolfram Research Asia founded
  • 1994: The Mathematica Book published in Japanese and German
  • 1994: 10,000 technical papers cite Wolfram's work
  • 1994: Cellular Automata and Complexity: Collected Papers published
  • 1994-5: Wrote early sections of NKS Chapter 8: "Implications for Everyday Systems"
  • 1994-6: Wrote NKS Chapter 7: "Mechanisms in Programs and Nature"
  • 1995: Wolfram Media, Inc. founded
  • 1995: The Mathematica Book published in French
  • 1995: Over a million users of Mathematica
  • 1995: Wrote NKS Chapter 11: "The Notion of Computation"
  • 1995-8, 2001: Wrote NKS Chapter 9: "Fundamental Physics"
  • 1996: Complex Systems began tenth year of publication
  • 1996: Third edition of The Mathematica Book published
  • 1996: Mathematica Version 3.0 released
  • 1997: Wrote later sections of NKS Chapter 8: "Implications for Everyday Systems"
  • 1998: Ten years of Mathematica celebrated
  • 1998-9: Wrote NKS Chapter 10: "Processes of Perception and Analysis"
  • 1999: Fourth edition of The Mathematica Book published
  • 1999: Mathematica Version 4.0 released
  • 1999-2001: Wrote NKS Chapter 12: "The Principle of Computational Equivalence"

2000's
  • 2000: CalculationCenter released
  • 2000: The Mathematical Explorer released
  • 2001: webMathematica released
  • 2001: Finished NKS Chapter 1: "The Foundations for A New Kind of Science"
  • 2002: A New Kind of Science becomes a bestseller
  • 2002: Over 200 major news articles about A New Kind of Science
  • 2002: wolframscience.com website launched
  • 2002-3: 50 city lecture tour
  • 2003: Fifth edition of The Mathematica Book
  • 2003: Mathematica Version 5.0 released
  • 2003: First NKS Conference
  • 2003: First NKS Summer School
  • 2004: A New Kind of Science available online
  • 2005: 500 technical papers cite A New Kind of Science