Index of Names



Tang, Chao (USA, 1958- )
and self-organized criticality, 989

Tarski, Alfred (Poland/USA, 1902-1983)
and axioms for geometry, 1154
and axioms for groups, 1153
and axioms for predicate logic, 1152
and real algebra, 1154
and undecidability of group theory, 1159

Tesla, Nikola (USA, 1856-1943)
and SETI, 1188, 1189

Theophrastus (Greece, ~371 - ~287 BC)
and shapes of leaves, 1005

Thom, René F. (France, 1923-[2002])
in Preface, xiii
and structure in animals, 1009
and theoretical biology, 1004

Thompson, D'Arcy W. (Scotland, 1860-1948)
and forms in nature, 967
and growth processes, 1010
and leaf shapes, 1006
and theoretical biology, 1004

Thue, Axel (Norway, 1863-1922)
and circle packings, 985
and Diophantine equations, 1164
and multiway systems, 938
and substitution systems, 879, 893
and word problem for semigroups, 1141

Tippett, Leonard H. C. (England, 1902-1985)
and random number tables, 968

Toffoli, Tommaso (Italy/USA, 1943- )
and 2D CA simulators, 928
and 2D cellular automata, 880
in Preface, xiii

Toom, Andrei (Russia/USA, 1942- )
and transitions in CAs, 981, 981'

Truchet, Sébastien (Jean) (France, 1657-1729)
and patterns from rules, 875

Turing, Alan M. (England, 1912-1954)
and animal pigmentation, 1012
and artificial intelligence, 1099
and computable numbers, 1128, 1137
computer programs of, 1013
and continuous computation, 1128
and defining computability, 1125
and diagonal arguments, 1128
and history of computers, 1107
and oracles, 1126
and origins of universality, 1110
and reaction-diffusion, 1012
and theoretical biology, 879, 1004
and Turing machines, 879, 889
and undecidability, 1136
and undecidability of word problem, 1141
and universal TM, 1119

Tylor, Edward B. (England, 1832-1917)
and animism, 1195

Ulam, Stanislaw M. (Poland/USA, 1909-1984)
and CAs, 876, 877, 879
and generalized CAs, 928
and iterated maps, 918
in Preface, xiii
and Ulam sequences, 908

Urey, Harold C. (USA, 1893-1981)
and origin of life, 1179

van der Corput, Johannes G. (Netherlands, 1890-1975)
and digit reversal sequences, 905

van der Pol, Balthazar (Netherlands, 1889-1959)
and history of chaos, 971

van der Poorten, Alfred J. (Australia, 1942-2010(added after book publication) )
and nested digit sequences, 913

Venn, John (England, 1834-1923)
and randomness in digits of pi, 879, 912

Vigenère, Blaise de (France, 1523-1596)
and ciphers, 1085

Vinogradov, Ivan M. (Russia, 1891-1983)
and Goldbach's Conjecture, 911

von Kármán, Theodore (Hungary/Germany/USA, 1881-1963)
and vortex streets, 998

von Koch, N. F. Helge (Sweden, 1870-1924)
and nested curves, 934

von Neumann, John (Hungary/USA, 1903-1957)
and CAs, 876, 879, 928
and computers, 1108
and history of complexity, 862
and iterated maps, 919
and random generators, 975
and self-reproduction, 1179
and set theory, 1154
and thermodynamics of computation, 1020
and universal CAs, 1117
and use of universality, 1110

Voronin, Sergei M. (Russia, 1946-1997(added after book publication))
and zeta function universality, 918

Waddington, Conrad H. (England/Scotland, 1905-1975)
and patterns on shells, 1012

Wainwright, Thomas E. (USA, 1927-2007(added after book publication) )
and molecular dynamics, 879, 999

Wajsberg, Mordechaj (Poland, 1902 - ~1940)
and axioms for logic, 1151

Walker, Crayton C. (USA, 1932- )
and Boolean networks, 936

Walras, M. E. Léon (France, 1834-1910)
and math economics, 1015

Walsh, Joseph L. (USA, 1895-1973)
and Walsh transforms, 1073

Wang, Hao (China/USA, 1921-1995)
and lag systems, 894
and tag systems, 1120
and undecidability in tiling, 1139

Waring, Edward (England, 1736-1798)
and Waring's Problem, 910

Weaire, Denis L. (Ireland, 1942- )
and minimum area packings, 988
in Preface, xiii

Weierstrass, Karl T. W. (Germany, 1815-1897)
and nested curves, 918, 934

Weizsäcker, Carl F. v. (Germany, 1912-2007(added after book publication) )
and discreteness of space, 1027

Welch, Terry A. (USA, 1939-1988)
and data compression, 1069

Wells, Herbert G. (England, 1866-1946)
and time travel, 1031

Weyl, Hermann K. H. (Germany/Switzerland/USA, 1885-1955)
and gauge invariance, 1045
and gauge theories of space, 1028

Wheeler, John A. (USA, 1911-2008(added after book publication) )
and discreteness of space, 1027
and geons, 1054

Whitehead, Alfred N. (England/USA, 1861-1947)
and axioms for logic, 1151
and foundations of math, 1149
and math in science, 859
and Principia Mathematica, 894
and universal algebra, 1150

Whorf, Benjamin L. (USA, 1897-1941)
and language and thinking, 1181

Wiener, Harry (USA, 1924-1998)
and alkane boiling points, 1195

Wiener, Norbert (USA, 1894-1964)
and history of complexity, 862
and reaction-diffusion, 1013

Wiesenfeld, Kurt A. (USA, 1958- )
and self-organized criticality, 989

Wiles, Andrew J. (England/USA, 1953- )
and Fermat's Last Theorem, 1166

Winfree, Arthur T. (USA, 1942-[2002])
and reaction-diffusion, 1013

Wisdom, Jack L. (USA, 1953- )
and chaos in solar system, 973
in Preface, xiii

Witten, Thomas A., Jr. (USA, 1944- )
and diffusion-limited aggregation, 994

Wittgenstein, Ludwig J. J. (Austria/England, 1889-1951)
and philosophy of language, 1181
and truth tables, 1170

Wolpert, Lewis (England, 1929- )
and embryology, 1010
in Preface, xiii

Worthington, Arthur M. (England, 1852-1916), 1000

Wren, Christopher (England, 1632-1723)
and shapes of shells, 1008

Young, David A. (USA, 1942- )
and pigmentation patterns, 1012

Young, Thomas (England, 1773-1829)
and color vision, 1075

Zermelo, Ernst F. F. (Germany, 1871-1953)
and set theory, 1154

Zhabotinsky, Anatol M. (Russia/USA, 1938-2008(added after book publication) )
and oscillatory chemical reactions, 1013

Zipf, George K. (USA, 1902-1950)
and Zipf's law, 1014

Ziv, Jacob (Israel, 1931- )
and data compression, 1069

Zuse, Konrad (Germany, 1910-1995)
and universe as CA, 1026