BASIC IMAGES

Based on Chapter 2: The Crucial Experiment in A New Kind of Science, these images of cellular automata illustrate some of the core discoveries of NKS.

For a one-page summary, click here.

These images are copyright Stephen Wolfram, LLC. License is given for their free individual use for any scholarly or journalistic purpose, so long as their source is credited. We would appreciate receiving copies of published material for possible inclusion in the NKS bibliography. Contact us if you have questions.

Rule 30 - Rule 90 - Rule 110 - Rule 150 - Rule 250 - Rule 254



Rule 30
Rule specification (EPS: 29k)

Sequence of steps (EPS: 32k)


25 steps (TIF: 4k) (GIF: 1k)

25 steps with grid (EPS: 31k)

100 steps (TIF: 5k) (GIF: 2k) (as shown)

250 steps (TIF: 10k) (GIF: 10k)

1000 steps (TIF: 86k) (GIF: 156k)

2500 steps (TIF: 500k) (GIF: 967k)



Rule 90
Rule specification (EPS: 29k)

Sequence of steps (EPS: 32k)




25 steps (TIF: 4k) (GIF: 1k)

25 steps with grid (EPS: 31k)

100 steps (TIF: 4k) (GIF: 1k) (as shown)

250 steps (TIF: 5k) (GIF: 4k)

1000 steps (TIF: 11k) (GIF: 30k)

2500 steps (TIF: 28k) (GIF: 124k)


Rule 110
Rule specification (EPS: 29k)

Sequence of steps (EPS: 32k)


25 steps (TIF: 4k) (GIF: 1k)

25 steps with grid (EPS: 30k)

100 steps (TIF: 4k) (GIF: 1k) (as shown)

250 steps (TIF: 6k) (GIF: 5k)

1000 steps (TIF: 14k) (GIF: 42k)

2500 steps (TIF: 36k) (GIF: 214k)


Rule 150
Rule specification (EPS: 29k)

Sequence of steps (EPS: 11k)




25 steps (TIF: 4k) (GIF: 1k)

25 steps with grid (EPS: 31k)

100 steps (TIF: 4k) (GIF: 2k) (as shown)

250 steps (TIF: 5k) (GIF: 5k)

1000 steps (TIF: 14k) (GIF: 51k)

2500 steps (TIF: 37k) (GIF: 225k)



Rule 250
Rule specification (EPS: 11k)

Sequence of steps (EPS: 13k)




25 steps (TIF: 4k) (GIF: 1k)

25 steps with grid (EPS: 9k)

100 steps (TIF: 4k) (GIF: 1k) (as shown)

250 steps (TIF: 5k) (GIF: 3k)


Rule 254
Rule specification (EPS: 20k)

Sequence of steps (EPS: 13k)




25 steps (TIF: 4k) (GIF: 1k)

25 steps with grid (EPS: 9k)

100 steps (TIF: 4k) (GIF: 1k) (as shown)

250 steps (TIF: 5k) (GIF: 3k)