Chapter 8: Implications for Everyday Systems

Section 1: Issues of Modelling

Universality in models

With traditional models based on equations, it is usually assumed that there is a unique correct version of any model. But in the previous chapter we saw that it is possible for quite different programs to yield essentially the same large-scale behavior, implying that with programs there can be many models that have the same consequences but different detailed underlying structure.

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From Stephen Wolfram: A New Kind of Science [citation]