# Search NKS | Online

1 - 3 of 3 for Sinh
[History of] exact solutions Some notable cases where closed-form analytical results have been found in terms of standard mathematical functions include: quadratic equations (~2000 BC) ( Sqrt ); cubic, quartic equations (1530s) ( x 1/n ); 2-body problem (1687) ( Cos ); catenary (1690) ( Cosh ); brachistochrone (1696) ( Sin ); spinning top (1849; 1888; 1888) ( JacobiSN ; WeierstrassP ; hyperelliptic functions); quintic equations (1858) ( EllipticTheta ); half-plane diffraction (1896) ( FresnelC ); Mie scattering (1908) ( BesselJ , BesselY , LegendreP ); Einstein equations (Schwarzschild (1916), Reissner–Nordström (1916), Kerr (1963) solutions) (rational and trigonometric functions); quantum hydrogen atom and harmonic oscillator (1927) ( LaguerreL , HermiteH ); 2D Ising model (1944) ( Sinh , EllipticK ); various Feynman diagrams (1960s-1980s) ( PolyLog ); KdV equation (1967) ( Sech etc.); Toda lattice (1967) ( Sech ); six-vertex spin model (1967) ( Sinh integrals); Calogero–Moser model (1971) ( Hypergeometric1F1 ); Yang–Mills instantons (1975) (rational functions); hard-hexagon spin model (1979) ( EllipticTheta ); additive cellular automata (1984) ( MultiplicativeOrder ); Seiberg–Witten supersymmetric theory (1994) ( Hypergeometric2F1 ).
Multiple integrals of rational functions can be more complicated, as in Integrate[1/(1 + x 2 + y 2 ), {x, 0, 1}, {y, 0, 1}]  HypergeometricPFQ[{1/2, 1, 1}, {3/2, 3/2}, 1/9]/6 + 1/2 π ArcSinh[1] - Catalan and presumably often cannot be expressed at all in terms of standard mathematical functions.
But for smaller e[s] one can show that Abs[m[s]]  (1 - Sinh[2 β ] -4 ) 1/8 where β can be deduced from e[s]  -(Coth[2 β ](1 + 2 EllipticK[4 Sech[2 β ] 2 Tanh[2 β ] 2 ] (-1 + 2 Tanh[2 β ] 2 )/ π )) This implies that just below the critical point e 0 = - √ 2 (which corresponds to β = Log[1 + √ 2 ]/2 ) Abs[m] ~ (e 0 - e) 1/8 , where here 1/8 is a so-called critical exponent.
1