Chapter 12: The Principle of Computational Equivalence

Section 7: The Phenomenon of Free Will

Amounts of free will

In my theory the amount of free will associated with a particular decision is in effect related to the amount of computation required to arrive at it. In conscious thinking we can to some extent scrutinize the processes we use, and assess how much computation they involve. But in unconscious thinking we cannot. And probably often these just involve memory lookups with rather little computation. But other unconscious abilities like intuition presumably involve more sophisticated computation.

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From Stephen Wolfram: A New Kind of Science [citation]