Chapter 12: The Principle of Computational Equivalence

Section 1: Basic Framework

Section 2: Outline of the Principle

Section 3: The Content of the Principle

Section 4: The Validity of the Principle

Section 5: Explaining the Phenomenon of Complexity

Section 6: Computational Irreducibility

Section 7: The Phenomenon of Free Will

Section 8: Undecidability and Intractability

Section 9: Implications for Mathematics and Its Foundations

Section 10: Intelligence in the Universe

Section 11: Implications for Technology

Section 12: Historical Perspectives

From Stephen Wolfram: A New Kind of Science [citation]