Chapter 8: Implications for Everyday Systems

Section 5: Fundamental Issues in Biology

History [of biological complexity] Attitudes of biologists Genetic programs [in biology] Tricks in [biological] evolution Belief in [biological] optimality Studying natural selection Other models [of mutation] Adaptive value of complexity Genetic algorithms Smooth variables [in biology] [Biological] species Defining life Analogies with thermodynamics Major new features [in biological evolution] Software [system] statistics Proteins

From Stephen Wolfram: A New Kind of Science [citation]